Experts recommend pruning every fruit tree, no matter what condition it is in. Even if it seems to you that the threat of disease or breakage is excluded, pruning is needed in order to form the crown, to provide the tree with all the conditions for it to bear fruit without interruption, and the fruits are of high quality. After all, pruning fruit trees makes them more decorative and comfortable for the owners themselves.
Using this procedure, you can significantly “lower” the crown of the tree, make it more compact without loss of yield. If you have a small garden with, say, quite a few fruit trees, pruning is necessary to make all the branches much shorter. It must be said that pruning seriously affects the quality of the tree, its appearance and the ability to provide a significant harvest. However, it is important not just to carry out the crown procedure, but to do it correctly.
After the frost-resistant species have been pruned in the first half of winter, in the second half, you can start processing the rest of the fruit tree species. There are three degrees of winter pruning: low pruning (shortening by one quarter of annual growth), medium pruning by one third, and strong pruning in half of the growth. If the branches of a young tree are shortened, then the purpose of such processing is to significantly accelerate its fruiting. Also, weak pruning of fruit trees is required in case of strong growth, when the annual growth is up to 70 centimeters. Low pruning will ensure optimal fruiting, and also prevent new growths from developing intensively in the future, as if it were with strong pruning.
Strong pruning of fruit trees is necessary if the annual growth reaches only 15 centimeters. In this case, such a procedure will help to achieve improved branching and crown development of horticultural crops. With a general weak growth of a young tree, intensive pruning of branches should also be carried out, up to the base of the branches (or up to two-year-old wood). It should also be remembered that skeletal branches should be subject to less severe shortening. In this case, you can achieve good development of the crown of the tree and improved branching.
If trees are not looked after and maintained they could become sick. This then brings risk to other trees in the area becoming ill and even dying. In this instance, it would be essential to hire a company for a tree removal service. Removing the tree yourself could risk harmful things coming out of the ground that could even make people sick.
Most of the winter pruning of trees is carried out in the southern regions of Russia: there the probability of freezing of the tree after pruning is minimal. As for the middle zone and the Moscow region, in winter it is often necessary to do forced pruning, which will save the tree or trees from damage. Winter pruning is carried out in cases where damaged areas are formed on the tree, which appeared from strong wind, freezing rain or other unfavorable factors that can cause significant damage to plantings. In this case, it is necessary to remove all damaged branches and sections of the tree. This will significantly reduce the load on the branches and the crown, as well as prevent further damage to plantings and protect passers-by and nearby buildings from creating emergency situations (as in the case of emergency trees).
The most important purpose of pruning trees in winter is to further correct crown shape and improve development throughout the life of the fruit crop. It should be borne in mind that with the age of the tree, the intensity and rules for pruning will change. To ensure optimal fruiting, as well as to maintain the crown of the tree in proper condition, it is necessary to carry out formative pruning, which will provide the necessary conditions for the development of the root, and will also help to improve the illumination and ventilation of the entire crown of the tree. If you need assistance with removing a tree or tree pruning and happen to be in Michigan, I would recommend going to www.treeservice-lansing.com for professional assistance.